Season in Preview: Corner Infielders

As Opening Day 2006 is right around the corner, it's time to take a look at where the Royals stand heading into this season. With the help of two great player projection systems (Baseball Prospectus' PECOTA and Dan Szymborski's ZiPS), I'll be discussing the state of the organization position-by-position over the next few days. We covered the catchers on Monday, and the corner infielders are up today:

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PECOTA .288 .349 .478 PECOTA .262 .342 .449
ZiPS .293 .355 .492 ZiPS .279 .360 .443
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AVERAGE .291 .352 .485 AVERAGE .271 .351 .446
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PECOTA .254 .333 .389 PECOTA .262 .336 .406
ZiPS .272 .369 .397 ZiPS .260 .324 .380
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AVERAGE .263 .351 .393 AVERAGE .261 .330 .393

If you ever need any evidence that the Royals are a snakebitten organization, look no farther than the path Mike Sweeney’s career has taken. If that sounds strange to you, don’t worry, because you aren’t crazy. It’s true that Sweeney has been the one Royals player whose reliability to be "productive" has never really wavered, at least in a non-injury sense. However, take a moment and read Sweeney’s player comment from the 2002 edition of Baseball Prospectus:

It appears he’s settled into autopilot, a mode from which we can expect a .310 EqA for another 4,000 at-bats. Whether Sweeney will accumulate more than 300 of those at-bats as a Royal is unclear. It’s beginning to get tiring watching the Royals make minor efforts to sign their best players while the team has some leverage, then make a self-destructive trade and blame the system for their inability to compete. If you were a supremely talented 28-year-old, would you stay in that environment?

As we now know, the answer to that last question was "yes" as Sweeney signed a five-year, $55 million contract with the team roughly one month after that comment was published and in stores. It was the largest contract in Royals history and meant approximately 33 percent of the team payroll would be tied up in four percent of the 25-man roster, but that didn’t really matter to the Royals, who were sure to be getting one of the most coveted assets in the game: a right-handed bat with power and plate discipline. The next Edgar Martinez, if you will. It sure looked that way at the time, as Sweeney did appear headed towards another seven or eight seasons of .310 EqA (Equivalent Average) production.

In case you’re wondering what EqA is (and I’m sure you are), it’s a metric developed by Prospectus that measures total offensive value per out, with adjustments made for the player’s home park, the level of offense for the league, and things of that nature. The beauty of EqA is that you can think of it in terms of a batting average, where any number below .250 is pretty bad, and every number at or above .300 means the hitter’s really, really productive.

Getting back on point, things haven’t exactly worked out the way the Royals had planned, or Prospectus expected. Sweeney’s still with the team, but his level of production has been severely hampered by a myriad of back injuries that’s caused him to miss 180 games since the start of the 2002 season. In a preceding article, I detailed all the categories in which he’s slipped, but for the purposes of illustrating this commentary, his EqA hasn’t been at .310 since 02, posting figures of .286, .277, and .292 in the last three seasons. It’s production good enough to start at first base, but it isn’t ideal, and probably isn’t "worth" paying $11 million a year for.

In all likelihood but barring further injury, Sweeney has settled into autopilot, only he’s headed for an EqA topping out around .285 before hitting his non back-induced decline phase. When we look back on the 2006 season, I think PECOTA and ZiPS will have nailed Sweeney’s actual season production. He is what he is: a declining high-average hitter with marginal plate discipline and power for a first baseman/designated hitter. The Royals will take that and be happy, but he could’ve been so much more.

The beauty of Sweeney’s presence is that his contract expires after the 2007 season, and that he can respectably hold down the fort at his position until prospect Justin Huber is ready to take over on a full-time basis. Huber, 23, has been compared to a young Sweeney ever since he joined the Royals in one of GM Allard Baird’s greatest heists, a three-team deal in which Baird pilfered him from the Mets for waiver claim Jose Bautista. It’s a comparison worth making, although it should be noted that despite Huber’s solid walk rate in the minor leagues (0.13 per at-bat), his knowledge of the strike zone doesn’t rival that of Sweeney’s at the same age, as Huber is still prone to chasing high fastballs with two strikes.

Furthering the comparison, the Royals moved Huber from catcher to first base so he could focus more on his bat. In 2005 – Huber’s first season playing in the organization – the move worked wonders for the native of Australia, as he battered Double-A pitching to the tune of a .343 average and a 1.002 OPS before, after recovering from a slow start, holding his own in 113 Triple-A at-bats, hitting .274 with a .905 OPS.

Long-term, Huber isn’t nearly the prospect Alex Gordon or Billy Butler is, but he’ll be plenty good anyway. If the average of his PECOTA and ZiPS projection is just a starting point, Royals fans have quite a bit to look forward to from Huber, who’ll head back to Triple-A Omaha to make progress on his defensive footwork and instincts.

The signing of Doug Mientkiewicz made sending Huber back to the minor leagues an easier decision, but that wasn't the only reason behind it. The Royals headed into the offseason hoping to find a defensive-minded first baseman to counter Sweeney’s supposed all-bat, no-glove style. Their intentions were good and sound, but so were David Collard’s when he wrote the cinematic disaster that is Annapolis.

First, I really don’t think that keeping Sweeney as a DH and off the field of play is going to keep his back problems from flaring up. In fact, playing first base and keeping it stretched out and active is probably better than having him sit on the bench for half an hour before coming to the plate and swinging a bat. Second, I’ve never believed Sweeney to be as bad defensively as the media and many, many fans believe. Ever since the days when he was learning on the job, Sweeney’s become at least average at leading the pitcher to the bag and picking low throws out of the dirt, two of the most crucial skills for a defender at first base to have. And from a statistical standpoint, he’s actually been better than Mientkiewicz during the last three seasons:

Fielding Runs Above Average
Sweeney Mientkiewicz
2003 4 0
2004 –2 -7
2005 –2 –5
TOTAL 0 -12

The last time Mientkiewicz statistically had a good year defensively was 2002, and that means something despite how fuzzy defensive metrics are right now. Still, if Mientkiewicz’s presence can somehow give Angel Berroa and Mark Teahen extra confidence and, in turn, fewer throwing errors, he’ll have done his job. It’s an unlikely scenario, but one that is certainly within the realm of possibility.

None of which is to say that I don’t like him. Offensively, Mientkiewicz is simply a pest who used to torture Royals fans with clutch hits in his days playing for the Twins. He’s almost a sure bet to draw a good number of walks with limited power, all the while annoying the opposing pitcher by fouling a lot of pitches into the stands. All bias aside, he’s probably capable of hitting his 2006 projection, but his better days are far, far behind him. My expectation falls closer to his PECOTA than ZiPS.

Across the diamond, Teahen is the only third baseman listed on the 40-man roster, which is just one reason why 2006 is a crucial season for the 24-year-old. Imagine being one of the main characters in Moneyball, being the centerpiece in a trade involving Carlos Beltran, giving Royals fans everywhere a sense of hope by hitting the daylights out of the ball in September, only to have your job threatened by Alex Gordon, one of the most incredible hitting talents to come out of college in the past decade. This is the world in which Teahen lives, and I don’t envy him for a second.

However, Teahen was challenged greatly to even make contact for much of his rookie season, but he overcame that obstacle by posting an .851 OPS in September. The improvement he showed was remarkable. Once a hitter whose passive approach at home plate was causing him to fall behind in the count with regularity, Teahen became more selectively aggressive as the season continued, which led to a higher walk rate in the second half and a 50 percent increase in his isolated power from the first half. He also began to hit the ball to his pull field with much more regularity, a trend that included a long grand slam off Cleveland’s Cliff Lee that landed in the right center field fountains.

Defensively, there aren’t many third baseman in baseball whose skills compare to Teahen’s. His 20 errors suggest otherwise, but he has solid range to both sides, an outstanding arm that will get more accurate as his career progresses and incredibly soft hands when it comes to barehanding a dribbling infield grounder up the third base line. In some ways, he reminds me of Scott Rolen who, by the way, made 24 errors in his first full season in Philadelphia.

A good defender in his own right, it’s possible that Gordon may take the hot corner by force, which would mean a move or a trade involving Teahen may happen someday. Regardless, the Royals are hoping that Teahen makes that decision more difficult than it needs to be by continuing to progress offensively and turning his Gold Glove potential into a trophy for his trophy case. If Teahen becomes a left-handed version of Joe Randa this year, the Royals will be thrilled.


At 2/08/2006 6:31 PM, Blogger Daniel said...

What chance, think you, of Teahen making a move to 2nd base where: 1) his offensive numbers, if not quite Randa-like, would be much more palatable, and if they are Randa-like, be extremely valuable, and 2) 3rd base would become open for Gordon's audition.

I wouldn't think that'd be a possiblity this year, and of course there are a bevy of candidates for the 2nd base vacancy (one or two of which, I think, should be considered at SS given the dearth of anything substantial there).

I'd like to think that Teahen could at least equal the 2nd base play of one Jeff Kent, who's been consistently adequate (and even good at times) at that position for years despite some limited range.

At 2/08/2006 6:32 PM, Blogger Daniel said...

Oh, and Kevin, if you'd like a VFTB topic, I tend to think that's a darn good one.

At 2/09/2006 10:54 AM, Anonymous Nate said...

I think the footwork at 2B would prove troublesome for Teahen (that's probably the weakest part of his defensive game at 3rd), but it would certainly be worth a try.

At 2/09/2006 10:54 AM, Anonymous Nate said...

I think the footwork at 2B would prove troublesome for Teahen (that's probably the weakest part of his defensive game at 3rd), but it would certainly be worth a try.

At 2/09/2006 3:11 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I've got to disagree with your statement of Sweeney as a hitter with marginal plate discipline. I think it's just that the past two years there's been noone to drive in runs so he's actively taking any close pitch he thinks he can drive. I expect to see him taking more walks (not many, but still a few more) now that he has a little (very little) bit of protection behind him.

At 2/09/2006 4:37 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I am still trying to swallow the "In some ways, he reminds me of Scott Rolen " quote.
What ways would that be? Rolen is a perennial Gold Glove winner/candidate who has arguably the best 3b range of all time.
Teahan is, well, Teahan...

You do some pretty good research, but your scouting technique is a little lacking. Maybe a little too much attention paid to the Baseball Suspectus type stuff.

At 2/09/2006 6:40 PM, Blogger Kevin said...


I understand what you're saying, but Mike's formerly-great ability to draw walks left him when he returned from the DL in August of 2003.

Among qualified AL players in 2005, Sweeney's BB/PA ranked 60th. And among AL players who got at least 450 plate appearances in 2004, Sweeney's BB/PA ranked 61st.

Those are strong trends. I wish the facts were different, but for whatever reason, Mike's plate discipline is gone, never to return.


First, let me clarify one thing: Offensively, Mark Teahen will never be anywhere near as good as Scott Rolen.

I was speaking purely from a defensive standpoint, pointing out the similarity in the number of errors they both committed in their first full seasons. I also think Teahen has the work ethic to turn his amazing defensive tools into skills, possibly making him a Gold Glove-caliber third baseman.

Oh, and while I generally get irritated with people who blast Baseball Prospectus for no reason, I have to give you a TON of credit for the "Baseball Suspectus" blast. That's pretty hilarious.

At 2/10/2006 10:47 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I understand the stats point to low walk rates. I was attempting to say that I believe those numbers to be a result of Sweeney intentionally taking less walks. He realizes there are few people batting behind him with RBI capabilities, and thus puts all the burden on himself. He doesn't try to take walks because he knows that if he doesn't drive in a run, no one will. That's all. I'm sure his plate discipline has declined as a natural result of his declining skill, but I don't think it's as bad as marginal.
Keep up the good work Kevin, after Rob and Rany, you're the best guy blogging about the Royals.

At 2/10/2006 11:36 AM, Blogger Kevin said...

As a former R&R fan, I greatly appreciate that, Lee.

About Sweeney, I understand what you're saying, but I don't see it as a valid excuse. He'd be helping the team out a lot more if he'd stop swinging at pitches out of the strike zone and, more importantly, pitches that are undriveable strikes.

At 2/10/2006 3:07 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

You are most likely right that he would be better served working counts and only driving a pitch when he can, but I don't think he sees it that way. I'm trying not to be a Sweeney apologist, I think he hurts himself and the team when he attempts to carry them. But I do, however, think he has talked himself into carrying the team these last two seasons, for better or worse.
I agree about Teahan, though: the guy has the tools.

At 2/11/2006 10:25 PM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

I'm really enjoying this projection articles, Kevin.
What happened to skippy by the way?

At 2/11/2006 11:19 PM, Blogger Kevin said...

Worry not, anonymous. Skippy's still the man in charge here, so you'll be reading plenty of stuff from him in the coming months.

At 2/12/2006 1:13 AM, Anonymous Anonymous said...

Ah, I just read one of his posts that says you're now part of Royals Corner. That's very cool. You guys both do a very good job


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